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Photodynamic Therapy: Principles, Mechanisms and Applications 2017

Photodynamic Therapy: Principles, Mechanisms and Applications 2017

Description

Description

As a new concept of cancer treatment, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has gained great attention in the last few decades. Compared to classical treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, PDT is a noninvasive, localized treatment of lesions that shows fewer side effects and has low systemic toxicity. In Chapter One, the basic mechanisms, applications and functional nanomaterials-based drug delivery systems for photodynamic therapy of cancer are reviewed. Chapter Two summarizes the application of different carbon based nanomaterials as agents for PDT and discusses current state-of-the-art use of fullerenes and their derivatives, carbon nanotubes and graphene quantum dots in PDT. Chapter Three covers the benefits and pitfalls of using chemi- and bioluminescent systems as intracellular excitation sources in PDT. Bioluminescence is a widespread natural phenomenon, which consists on emission of light resulting from the oxidation of a substrate in a reaction catalyzed by an enzyme in a biological system. Chapter Four addresses in the synthesis, characterization, and photodynamic activity of a novel hydrophobic photosensitizer 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(benzothiophene) Porphyrin (BTP) and water soluble photosensitizer 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(7- sulfonatobenzothiophene) Porphyrin (SBTP). The authors’ lab is engaged in the synthesis of PDT molecules incorporating benzothiophene moiety to the meso-position of porphyrin molecules. Chapter Five discusses the “Guidelines for Gastroenterological Endoscopy in Patients on Oral Antithrombotic Treatment” established by the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society (JGES).These guidelines classify endoscopic interventions according to the risk of hemorrhage and specify the management of various antithrombotic drugs. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) are classified as high-risk procedures for hemorrhage, but PDT is not included in the guidelines. Because PDT causes ischemic necrosis of tumor tissue, the authors say this could possibly be performed safely in patients on oral antithrombotic therapy. The authors of Chapter Six developed a method of the initial concentration of protoporphyrin-IX in the operated removing glioblastoma tissue using the calibration curve of the fluorescent intensity and the known Pp-IX concentration in order to estimate of the more correlated with the cure rate.

Editorial Reviews

Editorial Reviews

The Publisher has taken reasonable care in the preparation of this book, but makes no expressed or implied warranty of any kind and assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions. No liability is assumed for incidental or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of information contained in this book. The Publisher shall not be liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting, in whole or in part, from the readers’ use of, or reliance upon, this material. Any parts of this book based on government reports are so indicated and copyright is claimed for those parts to the extent applicable to compilations of such works. Independent verification should be sought for any data, advice or recommendations contained in this book. In addition, no responsibility is assumed by the publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property arising from any methods, products, instructions, ideas or otherwise contained in this publication. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information with regard to the subject matter covered herein. It is sold with the clear understanding that the Publisher is not engaged in rendering legal or any other professional services. If legal or any other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent person should be sought. FROM A DECLARATION OF PARTICIPANTS JOINTLY ADOPTED BY A COMMITTEE OF THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION AND A COMMITTEE OF PUBLISHERS.

Product details

Product details

  • Paperback
  • Publisher: Nova Science Pub Inc (June 20, 2017)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1536119121
  • ISBN-13: 978-1536119121

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