Chapter 3 – Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by multiple organ involvement. Symptoms and clinical findings vary from patient to patient. However, arthralgia is one of the most common symptoms in 90 percent of patients. Non-deforming nonerosive polyarthritis, Jaccoud’s arthropathy (JA) (a nonerosive reducible deforming type of arthropathy), tenosynovitis, osteonecrosis, insufficiency fracture, infection, myopathy and myositis are included in musculoskeletal diseases in SLE. Moreover, there is another type of arthritis, so-called “rhupus,” coexistence of SLE and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the management of arthritis and other musculoskeletal diseases in SLE is not well established compared to RA. In addition, widely accepted diagnostic imaging criteria for arthritis of SLE does not exist. Consequently, accurate characterization by a method using various modalities including plain radiography, ultrasonography, CT, scintigraphy and MRI should be required. The authors review and illustrate the important findings of musculoskeletal diseases in SLE comprehensively. Chapter 4 – Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-systemic autoimmune disease categorized by severe and chronic inflammation. It affects mostly females especially of African and Caribbean descent and is responsible for significantly reduced quality of life for as many as 1.5 million people in the United States. Young adults with this chronic illness frequently experience pain, which may be similar to pain experiences of adults with arthritis. They may also experience fatigue, withdrawal from participation in everyday activities, and social isolation. This review of literature examines SLE in young adults and reviews information about the pain, social impact, and interventions to improve functioning of these young adults. The information presented in this review delivers insights for health professionals and other persons supporting young adults in managing the effects of this disease. Specifically, information about ways in which family members and friends can support young adults dealing with SLE will be discussed. Additionally, discussion of the use of pain management strategies and other interventions aimed at improving functioning will provide information for improving the lives of young adults with SLE.
The Publisher has taken reasonable care in the preparation of this book, but makes no expressed or implied warranty of any kind and assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions. No liability is assumed for incidental or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of information contained in this book. The Publisher shall not be liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting, in whole or in part, from the readers’ use of, or reliance upon, this material. Any parts of this book based on government reports are so indicated and copyright is claimed for those parts to the extent applicable to compilations of such works. Independent verification should be sought for any data, advice or recommendations contained in this book. In addition, no responsibility is assumed by the publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property arising from any methods, products, instructions, ideas or otherwise contained in this publication. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information with regard to the subject matter covered herein. It is sold with the clear understanding that the Publisher is not engaged in rendering legal or any other professional services. If legal or any other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent person should be sought. FROM A DECLARATION OF PARTICIPANTS JOINTLY ADOPTED BY A COMMITTEE OF THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION AND A COMMITTEE OF PUBLISHERS.
- Series: Immunology and Immune System Disorders
- Paperback: 137 pages
- Publisher: Nova Science Pub Inc; UK ed. edition (January 24, 2017)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 1536106704
- ISBN-13: 978-1536106701
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